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感恩:概念、测量及其相关研究

时间:01-02/2021 21:33 | 点击次数:

摘要 感恩可以区分为状态感恩与特质感恩,前者表现为个体在接受某种恩惠时所产生的情绪体验或心境状态,后者表现为体验感恩情绪的心理倾向。感恩的测量工具有两种类型:单因素问卷(如GQ一6)和多因素问卷(如GRAT、感激量表)。作为美德,感恩对个体具有积极心理功能,能提升人的幸福感;对社会具有道德功能,能诱发人的亲社会行为。感恩与幸福感、亲社会行为的关系成为目前感恩研究的主题。未来的研究应进一步探索感恩的结构,阐明感恩的心理效能及其机制,并开展感恩的发展研究。 Gratitude can be divided into state gratitude and trait gratitude. State gratitude refers to an immediate gratitude emotion, or a prolonged mood, and trait gratitude is a tendency to experience gratitude affect. Two types of measures of gratitude have been developed: unidimensional and multidimensional. As a virtue, gratitude has moral functions for society by stimulating prosocial behavior, and positive psychological functions for individuals by promoting individuals well-being. Future studies should be devoted to exploring the structure of trait gratitude, mechanisms of gratitude functions, and development of gratitude.

作者 张利燕 侯小花 Zhang Liyan, Hou Xiaohua (Department of Psycholo~, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081 )

机构地区 湖南师寇大学心理学系

出处 《心理科学》 CSSCI 数据库(2011-2012)">CSCD 北大核心 2010年第2期393-395,共3页 Psychological Science

基金 2008-2010年度湖南省敦育科学规划项目资助(批准号:JYK08BXL004)

关键词 感恩 状态感恩 特质感恩 幸福感 亲社会行为 gratitude, state gratitude, trait gratitude, Well-being, prosocial behavior

分类号 G610 [文化科学—学前教育学][文化科学—教育学]

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感恩:概念、测量及其相关研究

心理科学

2010年 第2期

论文智能改写系统

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